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High Hopes and Low Budget: An Empirical Investigation on the Impact of Differential School Investment in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan

By Emaan Siddique, University of California, Berkeley

Since the Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI) won the majority of seats in the Provincial Assembly of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KPK) in 2013, the party has received widespread acclamation for improving public education within the province. However, there is weak evidence to support whether these policies have had an immediate effect on educational out- comes. Using difference-in-differences estimation, this study attempts to assess the extent to which investment in primary public schools has affected enrollment rates and educational attainment in rural KPK. Surprisingly, cities that received high rates of investment following the PTI’s election did not experience a statistically significant change in enrollment rates or educational attainment.

Read the full paper here.

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